Concept Application and Fact for Prelims Day-48

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This is the Day-48 questions of the CAF Revision plan for prelims. The questions are based on the syllabus as provided in the schedule. Aspirants are requested to go through the detailed CAF strategy to understand the need of the UPSC prelims and to prepare well for the same. Attempt the questions honestly. The link to key answers and explanations of this test is at the end of the questions. The maximum time to attempt the 19 questions is 25 minutes.


Q.1) Consider the following statements regarding our solar system.

1. Jovian planets have not experienced removal of gases due to low intensity of solar wind.

2. Terrestrial planets could not hold escaping gases due to their high gravity.

Select the correct statement(s) using the codes given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2


Q.2) Which among the following can be considered as proof of Earth’s sphericity?

1. Voyage of different travellers around the world.

2. When your friend approaches from a distance you are able to view his lower body first.

3. If you drive poles equidistant, into the ground equally, there is difference in their height.

Select the correct statement(s) using the codes given below.

(a) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3.


Q.3) A person from New Zealand travels to Hawaii by air. He starts his journey at 1 AM (local time). Which of the following is true?

(a) The person would reach Hawaii on the previous calendar day.

(b) The person would reach Hawaii on the same calendar day.

(c) The person would reach Hawaii on the next calendar day.

(d) Cannot be determined.


Q.4) Which among the following are the evidences in support of the Continental Drift Theory?

a) The belt of ancient rocks from Brazil Coast matches with those from western Africa.

b) Presence of Tillite in India, Africa, Madagascar, Falkland Island, Australia and Antarctica.

c) Placer Deposits of gold in Ghana Coast even though source rock is absent.

d) All of the above.


Q.5) Which among the following statement(s) is are incorrect?

a) Aquifers is a permeable rock.

b) Water table is far below the surface in valleys

c) Water table varies according to the type of rocks.

d) Seasons have an effect on the depth of water table


Q.6) Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?

(a) Abyssinian Plateau: Arabia

(b) Atlas Mountains: North-Western Africa

(c) Guiana Highlands: South-Western Africa

(d) Okavango Basin: Patagonia


Q.7) During a thunderstorm, the thunder in the skies is produced by the

  1. meeting of cumulonimbus clouds in the sky
  2. lightning that separates the nimbus clouds
  3. violent upward movement of air and water particles

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 3

(d) None of the above produces the thunder


Q.8) The annual range of temperature in the interior of the continents is high as compared to coastal areas. What is / are the reason / reasons?

  1. Thermal difference between land and water.
  2. Variation in altitude between continents and oceans.
  3. Presence of strong winds in the interior
  4. Heavy rains in the interior as compared to coasts.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4


Q.9) Which of the following phenomena might have influenced the evolution of organisms?

  1. Continental drift
  2. Glacial cycles

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2.


Q.10) Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the Lists:

List-I (Volcano Type)              List-II (Location)

A. Shield Volcano                    1.Indonesia

B. Composite Volcano             2.India

C. Caldera                               3.Hawaii

D. Flood Basalt Provinces        4.Phillipines

Answer choices:

Code   A          B          C          D

(a)        2          4          1          3

(b)        2          1          4          3

(c)        3          1          4          2

(d)        3          4          1          2


Q.11) Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer using the code given below the Lists :

List-I (Landform feature)                   List-II (Location)

A. Alluvial fans                                     1.Mountanious Areas

B. ‘V’-shaped valleys                           2.Coasts

C. Deltas                                              3.Lower Reaches of the river

D. Ox-bow lakes                                  4.Mountain Foothills

Answer choices:

Code   A          B          C          D

(a)        4          1          2          3

(b)        4          2          1          3

(c)        3          2          1          4

(d)        3          1          2          4


Q.12) Which of the following statements with regard to the continental shelf is NOT correct?

(a) Shelves are absent close to plate boundaries

(b) They are highly sedimented

(c) They have abrupt falls towards the continental slopes

(d) They are rich fishing areas


Q.13) Consider Following statements:

Statement I : The Indian Ocean Tsunami of 2004 occurred along a subduction zone along west coast of Sumatra

Statement II : Along the Sumatra coast the Indo-Australian Plate converges below the Eurasian Plate

Answer choices

(a) Both the statements are individually true and Statement II is the correct explanation of Statement I

(b) Both the statements are individually true but Statement II is NOT the correct explanation of Statement I

(c) Statement I is true but Statement II is false

(d) Statement I is false but Statement II is true


Q.14) Consider following statements

Statement I: All the energy received by the earth is from the Sun through electro-magnetic radiation

Statement II: The earth also radiates back all the received energy through various ways to maintain the heat budget of the planet

Code:

(a) Both the statements are individually true and Statement II is the correct explanation of Statement I

(b) Both the statements are individually true but Statement II is NOT the correct explanation of Statement I

(c) Statement I is true but Statement II is false

(d) Statement I is false but Statement II is true


Q.15) Under which of the following condition(s) the occluded fronts are created?

  1. When the front remains stationary
  2. When cold air mass moves to warm air mass
  3. When warm air mass moves to cold air mass
  4. When an air mass is fully lifted above the land surface

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 3 and 4

(d) 4 only


Q.16) Which one of the following factors is NOT connected with planetary wind system?

(a) Latitudinal variation of the atmospheric heating

(b) Emergence of the pressure belt

(c) Earth’s revolution around the Sun

(d) Migration of the pressure belts due to apparent path of the Sun


Q.17) Consider the following statements relating to cyclone, anti-cyclone and trade wind:

  1. The wind direction is clockwise in the cyclone of northern hemisphere ‘
  2. The planetary wind that blows from north-east to north-west is known as north-east trade wind
  3. The wind direction is anti-clockwise in the anticyclone of southern hemisphere
  4. Both westerlies and trade winds originate from sub-tropical highs

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) 3 and 4 only

(b) 1, 3 and 4

(c) 4 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3


Q.18) Which of the following is geographically closest to Great Nicobar?

(a) Sumatra

(b) Borneo

(c) Java

(d) Sri Lanka


Q.19) Mediterranean Sea is a border of which of the following countries?

  1. Jordan
  2. Iraq
  3. Lebanon
  4. Syria

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 3 and 4 only

(d) 1, 3 and 4 only


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