Define human development. Discuss the different approaches to human development. (15 marks)

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  • Define human development.
  • Discuss approaches.
  • Conclude.


The term ‘human development’ may be defined as an expansion of human capabilities, a widening of choices, ‘an enhancement of freedom, and a fulfilment of human rights.

At the beginning, the notion of human development incorporates the need for income expansion. However, income growth should consider expansion of human capabilities. Hence development cannot be equated solely to income expansion.

Approaches to Human Development

The ways to measure human development are constantly being refined and newer ways of capturing different elements of human development are being researched.